Chinese Gold Demand Charts Healthy Increase Through First Half of 2023

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After hitting the highest level since 2019 in the first quarter, Chinese gold demand continued on a solid path through Q2.

Through the first half of the year, Chinese gold consumption surged by 16%, according to the latest data from the China Gold Association (CGA).

Chinese gold demand through H1 came in at 554.9 tons.

A CGA statement said, “With the normalization of the economy and the revival of the economy, China’s gold consumption shows an overall momentum of rapid recovery.”

Breaking down the numbers, demand for gold bars and gold coins increased by 30.1% to 146.31 tons. Gold jewelry demand was up 14.8% to 368.3 tons.

While Chinese investors were eager to get their hands on physical gold, investment in Chinese gold ETFs fell slightly by 1.26 tons.

There was a 7.7% decrease in gold consumption for industrial and technological uses.

On the supply side, Chinese gold mine output was up a modest 2.2% to 178.6 tons over the first half of 2022.

To meet the growing demand, gold imports jumped by 17.5% to 65 tons.

The People’s Bank of China has been gobbling up gold as well. The Chinese central bank bought another 21 tons of gold in June. Since recommencing reports of purchases in November 2022, the Peoples Bank of China has added 165 tons to its official gold holdings. Officially, Chinese gold holdings stand at 2,113 tons.

There has always been speculation that China holds far more gold than it officially reveals. As Jim Rickards pointed out on Mises Daily back in 2015, many people speculate that China keeps several thousand tons of gold “off the books” in a separate entity called the State Administration for Foreign Exchange (SAFE).

Last year, there were large unreported increases in central bank gold holdings.  Central banks that often fail to report purchases include China and Russia. Many analysts believe China is the mystery buyer stockpiling gold to minimize exposure to the dollar.

US Global Investors senior gold portfolio manager Ralph Aldis said China’s interest in gold is part of a broader de-dollarization theme.

China doesn’t want to hold dollars for trade as they have struck a number of trade deals with major commodity suppliers from pulp to oil around the world that are specified to trade and settle in renminbi.”

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