Over the past couple of weeks, we reviewed the U.S. government confiscation of gold by Executive Order in 1933. (see “Gold Confiscation: Will History Repeat Itself?” and “The Facts of Gold Confiscation: The Saga Continues”).
One of the points was that the difference between 1933 and today is that gold is not money for banks today. This means banks are not on a gold standard.
Some observers have stated that the announcement by Russia’s Central Bank on March 25 to purchase gold at a ‘fixed’ 5,000 rubles per gram is a return to the gold standard or that it creates a gold-backed ruble.
Below we provide context to the announcement.
Also, why the central bank buying gold at a ‘fixed’ price is not the same as a gold standard.
Russia Sets its Fixed Gold Price
The announcement on March 25 that Russia’s central bank would buy gold from domestic producers beginning March 28 at a fixed 5,000 rubles per gram.
This price ‘fix’ was originally announced to run from March 28 through June 30, but this was revised on April 8 to a ‘negotiated price’.
The policy is an attempt to acquire (domestically mined) at potentially below-market prices with rubles the Bank of Russia can simply print.
The central bank’s initial offer announced on March 25 at a fixed price of 5000 rubles per gram was clearly attractive from the Bank’s (and government’s) perspective. Although not from local producers’ perspectives.
The ruble was quite depressed, and 5,000 rubles per gram was significantly below London market gold prices converted to rubles.
However, now that the ruble has recovered to around 80/dollar, the offer was close to what gold would be worth in rubles on global markets.
The ruble has risen sharply in recent days on the back of demands that Russian oil and gas exports to the West be paid for in rubles or gold.
This has created false demand for the ruble.
And Russian energy exporters must turn any euro or dollar receipts directly over to the government in any event.
Additionally, the sanctions have made it challenging for Russia’s domestic producers to sell their gold through the usual channels.
Also, the ruble market is heavily controlled and very illiquid.
It is clear why the Russian central bank would want to buy gold from its producers.
This is because gold is the world’s oldest form of international liquidity.
Also, if the central bank can get it at a discount all the better.
Moreover, remember that the central bank can print the rubles it pays domestic gold producers.
Printing currency is relatively costless, and a common practice during the war!
The question then is why would Russian miners sell their gold at below-market prices to the Bank of Russia?
And how useful would these rubles be to domestic producers in need of foreign material and expertise?
The first answer is that the sanctions have essentially barred Russia’s gold producers from selling their gold in Western markets.
Further, the only available markets for domestic gold producers are local banks and the Russian central bank.
In essence, domestic gold miners now face a monopsony – one buyer for their output; they are captive sellers.
Ruble Backed By Gold: Is It Just A Gamble?
All of this means that it should be no great surprise that foreign miners in Russia want out: i.e., Kinross Gold to sell all Russian assets in a $680M deal (BNN Bloomberg, 04/05).
Furthermore, there is strong private demand for gold in Russia, and local banks have been selling gold.
Many locals were glad to rid themselves of rubles in exchange for gold or other hard currency, especially at the start of the war as per in reports.
But this is regulated since gold is too important an asset for the government at this time to be sold to those who want to cash in their rubles.
Russia’s central bank had been buying gold for reserve purposes until oil prices tumbled down sharply in early 2020.
This happened when it announced that it would put its gold buying on hold.
For more on this see our December 9, 2021, post- Russia: A Prominent Player in the Global Gold Market.
Russia’s central bank setting a ruble price for purchases from producers is not the same as a gold standard.
This is also not equivalent to a gold-backed ruble as some observers have suggested with headlines such as:
“It’s Official! Russian Central Bank Announces That the Ruble is Tied to Gold! 5,000 Rubles per Gram” and “A Note on the New Russian “Gold Standard”.
A gold standard ruble would require the government to maintain a fixed ruble price for gold in an unregulated market.
This is entirely different from and has entirely different implications than, an offer to purchase domestically mined gold from captive local gold miners at 5,000 rubles per gram.
Additionally, a gold standard ruble would require the Bank of Russia to buy (or sell) gold for (or from) its gold reserves at a fixed price, on-demand.
The offer to buy gold is one thing but selling gold at a fixed price is something else entirely.
This would mean that anyone that holds rubles could exchange those rubles for gold at the 5,000 rubles per gram price.
Meaning Russia’s gold reserves would dwindle rapidly as Russians (and foreign holders, holding unwanted rubles, want to exchange all their rubles for gold.
Then the Bank of Russia will then immediately have to close its gold window.
To declare that one gram of gold is worth 5,000 rubles is easy.
However, to make it good through the active buying and selling of gold in an unregulated market is something the Bank of Russia simply cannot do.
In short, the Bank of Russia is seizing the opportunity provided by this war, and the related sanctions limiting the exports of gold from its domestic producers.
It is purchasing gold from the captive gold mining industry at favorable ruble prices – with essentially costless ruble outlays the central bank prints.
From The Trading Desk
Gold and Silver have put in a strong performance this week. Gold has closed higher the last 5 consecutive days. It is also at a crucial level, to try and take out $2,000 again.
However, the price is a little overbought in the short term with near-term support at $1,960 and the crucial support at $1,900 intact which has not been tested.
This week, we had CPI figures out of the US, and yesterday we had CPI numbers out of the UK.
US inflation climbed to 8.5% (expected 8.4%), the highest price inflation since 1981, which helped the Gold price up to $1,980 and Silverback up above $25 to settle at $25.70 this morning.
Soaring gas prices are the main reason for the rise but gas prices have fallen back slightly with some economists suggesting inflation may have peaked.
WithUK CPI numbers were released Wednesday, with inflation hitting a three-decade high at 7%.
The BOE warned in early March that inflation could reach 8% in April and may not peak until 10% if the global wholesale energy prices are sustained.
This inflation is global and as high as the numbers are, what is more, alarming is how policymakers continue to deal with the situation.
The last time inflation was this high in the US, the Fed Funds rate was at 20% and when measured against the 10-year treasury, real rates are negative -5.7%!
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GOLD PRICES (USD, GBP & EUR – AM/ PM LBMA Fix)
13-04-2022 1975.25 1976.75 1519.95 1519.53 1824.34 1827.31
12-04-2022 1951.40 1960.85 1500.24 1503.78 1795.68 1803.20
11-04-2022 1956.85 1951.55 1500.51 1498.40 1792.08 1793.08
08-04-2022 1931.20 1941.40 1480.26 1494.30 1775.93 1790.55
07-04-2022 1926.40 1932.40 1473.89 1479.45 1771.71 1771.82
06-04-2022 1929.00 1930.15 1472.41 1475.99 1768.31 1768.98
05-04-2022 1929.45 1944.05 1468.70 1477.09 1756.57 1772.58
04-04-2022 1927.10 1930.30 1469.03 1471.85 1748.46 1756.57
01-04-2022 1933.35 1929.40 1472.44 1472.90 1748.72 1746.49
31-03-2022 1924.10 1942.15 1466.93 1479.53 1729.77 1751.63
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